# How To Calculate FERS Annuity Supplement?

For example, if your full-time Social Security payment is \$1,000 and you have worked 30 years under FERS, we would divide 30 by 40 (. 75) and multiply (\$1,000 x. 75 = \$750). Your unique retirement supplement would be the result, before any cutbacks.

## How is OPM supplement calculated?

The SRS is a rough approximation of your Social Security benefit as a FERS employee. If you retire at your minimum retirement age (MRA) with 30 years of service or age 60 with 20 years, it will be added to your earned annuity. If your agency is experiencing a major reorganization, RIF, or transfer-of-function and you retire, either voluntarily or involuntarily, at age 50 with 20 years of service or at any age with 25 years of service, the SRS will be added to your annuity when you achieve your MRA. Employees in certain categories are eligible for the SRS regardless of when they retire.

While the exact monetary amount of your SRS won’t be known until you retire, you can use a simple calculation to estimate how much it will be. And the closer you get to retirement, the more accurate your forecast will be. The three-step formula is as follows:

1. At age 62, acquire your most recent Social Security benefit estimate by creating a personal account at www.ssa.gov/mystatement;

2. Multiply that number by the number of years you’ve worked for FERS, rounded up to the next higher year;

3. Take the result and divide it by 40.

Note: Total FERS years of service refers to actual FERS years of service. It excludes any non-FERS civilian or military service for which you have made a deposit into the retirement system.

Even if you don’t apply for it, the SRS ceases at age 62, when you first become eligible for a standard Social Security income.

It’s also worth noting that it’s generally subject to the Social Security annual earnings limit, which reduces the SRS by \$1 for every \$2 earned from wages or self-employment over the yearly limit, which is \$18,960 this year. Special category employees have an exception: if they retire before their MRA, they can earn as much as they wish without affecting their SRS. They are treated the same as everyone else when they reach their MRA.

## What is the FERS supplemental annuity?

The Special Retirement Supplement, or SRS, is another name for the FERS Supplement. It is intended to enable certain FERS who retire before the age of 62 overcome the financial gap. It will cover the gap in your Social Security income until you reach the age of 62.

## What is the maximum FERS supplement?

Your FERS supplement will be lowered by \$1 for every \$2 you earn beyond the annual income limit (which fluctuates every year). This maximum was \$18,240 in 2020, and it will be \$18,960 in 2021.

## What is the maximum of income when receiving FERS supplemental pay?

The FERS Supplement is subject to the earnings test, which means your FERS Supplement is decreased by \$1 for every \$2 you earn beyond the yearly maximum (\$18,240 in 2020). Earned income, which is normally just income through a W-2 or self-employment, is subject to the earnings test.

## Does FERS annuity supplement get COLA?

This summer, inflation is a hot topic, and many federal employees are concerned about how it may affect them in retirement. Although federal employees are fortunate to receive a cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) in retirement, the COLA may not keep up with inflation.

### How is the FERS COLA calculated?

The CPI-W is used to calculate the FERS annuity COLA. The table below shows how much COLA federal employees get.

One thing to bear in mind from the table above: if the CPI-W is higher than 2%, your FERS annuity will not keep pace with inflation, and if it stays above 2%, your annuity will behind inflation significantly over time. This is referred to as the Diet COLA by some.

### Who receives the COLA?

FERS personnel who are retired and have attained the age of 62 will begin to receive the COLA. Regular FERS employees who retire before reaching the age of 62 will not be eligible for a cost-of-living adjustment until they reach the age of 62.

Law enforcement officers and air traffic controllers are among the Special Category Employees (SCE) who begin earning their FERS annuity as soon as they retire. If they have 25 years of service, some SCEs may be allowed to retire before the age of 50 and begin receiving the COLA immediately.

### When is the COLA announced?

The COLA for the following year is usually announced around October. In December, retirees who qualify and get a FERS annuity will receive a share of the COLA. If you were retired for six months in 2021, you will usually receive half of the cola in 2022.

## Where does the FERS supplement come from?

Federal employees under the age of 62 who are qualified for an unreduced Federal Employees Retirement System benefit are also eligible for the FERS annuity supplement, a temporary additional benefit. Regular FERS retirees who retire at their minimum retirement age with 30 or more years of service or at age 60 or 61 with at least 20 years of service are included in this group, as are those who retire under specific provisions for law enforcement officers, firefighters, and air traffic controllers. At their MRA, those who retire under the Voluntary Early Retirement Authority (commonly known as “early out” offers) are eligible to receive the FERS premium.

The supplement is what you would get from Social Security for your FERS civilian service. It’s computed as if you were eligible for Social Security payments on the day you left the workforce. The Office of Personnel Management pays the supplement as part of your FERS retirement.

If you’re thinking of retiring with a FERS supplement—or already have one—here are five things you should know:

The supplement has no bearing on your Social Security payout in the long run. The Social Security Administration is completely unaware that you are getting the benefit. Social Security benefits are impacted indirectly: Because you aren’t working and paying the FICA tax on your income while receiving the supplement, you may want to estimate your future Social Security benefit based on the year you ceased working. Your earnings may have been estimated by Social Security as if you worked until you were 62 years old, your full retirement age, or 70 years old.

Even if you work, your supplement will not be reduced until after the first calendar year of receiving the benefit. If you start working the day after your federal retirement, don’t be surprised if you get the supplement. You are eligible for the benefit, and you will not be required to declare your earnings until the following year. Then, after retirement (or after reaching your MRA if you retired at an earlier age), your earnings will be compared to the Social Security earnings maximum for the same year. 1/12 of the annual excess profits will be deducted from your monthly annuity supplement.

### CSRS (Immediate or Early)

The amount of the basic federal annuity payable on CSRS retirement is proportional to the duration of service and the average of the top three years’ average salary. After calculating the basic annuity, it might be decreased for any service for which no retirement contributions were provided ( “service of deposit”).

The basic annuity may also be reduced to provide survivor benefits to a spouse or former spouse after the retiree’s death, or because the retiree retired before the age of 55 under an early retirement offer; the latter applies to only a small percentage of new CSRS retirees since the system was closed to new entrants in 1984. Service for which you have received a refund of your retirement contributions ( “Unless the entire redeposit due has been paid or the employee is eligible for and elects the Alternative Form of Annuity, the employee’s redeposit service will be used to determine eligibility for retirement but will not be considered when computing a basic annuity (except when the refund covered service that ended before March 1, 1991).

Annuities are calculated as a percentage of the highest three-year average wage. The greatest three years of base pay or income achieved in any successive three-year period are referred to as the high-3 average salary (usually the last 78 pay periods). A three-part calculation based on an employee’s length of creditable service determines the high-3 percentage:

Months in excess of the previous full year are recognized proportionately. While unused sick leave cannot be utilized to calculate the high three years of average income or to determine retirement eligibility, it is considered in the computation as time actually served.

## Who qualifies for FERS annuity supplement?

A retiring employee must meet one of the following age plus years of service combinations to be eligible for the Special Annuity Supplement: 1) MRA plus 30 years of service, or 2) MRA plus 20 years of service. The MRA of a person is determined by his or her birth year.

## How can I supplement my Social Security income?

In our older years, the majority of us will suffer health issues that will limit our capacity to work. That’s why retirees love passive income: the money just keeps coming in, no matter what happens.

Dividends, real estate and rental income, and business income are all common sources of passive income. Unfortunately, most of these necessitate an initial financial investment, which you lack. Granted, a successful company idea could certainly outperform a stock market investment, but you also run the danger of losing your entire investment.

## What is the average FERS annuity?

Let’s have a look at the figures. The average monthly benefit under CSRS is around \$4,000 per month, or \$48,000 per year. ‘The’ “The “median” CSRS benefit—the amount that half of the beneficiaries receive and the other half do not—is around \$3,500 per year, or \$42,000 total.

Because FERS incorporates Social Security as a basic component, the defined benefits are lower—an average of roughly \$1,600 monthly and a median of about \$1,300, for yearly amounts of \$19,200 and \$15,600.

The average Social Security income is around \$1,500 per month, or \$18,000 per year; the average for federal employees is likely greater because government salaries are higher than the national average, owing to variances in work type and educational levels.

Even when the value of federal benefits that continue into retirement is taken into account—for example, the value of continuing FEHB health insurance in retirement with the government paying about 70% of the premium—federal retirees are still well within the income range that results in a pension “Normal” retirement

## How do I calculate my federal pension?

The highest average basic pay you earn in any three years of service is your “high-3” average pay. These three years are usually your most recent three years of employment, but they could be from a different time period if your basic wage was higher at the time. The base salary you earn for your position is your base salary.

Calculating the Supplementary Income For instance, if your full-time Social Security pension is \$ 1,000 and you worked 30 years under FERS, we would divide 30 by 40 (.75) and multiply (\$ 1,000 x. 75 = \$ 750). Before any reductions, the result would be your unique retirement supplement.

The average of your highest paid period of 36 consecutive months can be no more than three. You can start this three-year phase at any moment during your federal employment. Your normal pay, as well as any local pay, is factored into your three-month average.

FERS pension = 1.1 percent multiplied by high pay multiplied by years worked. For each year of federal service, this translates to 1 percent to 1.1 percent of your highest yearly income. With more than 30% of your pre-retirement income covered, you can maximize your benefit.